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Victims

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In the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, the victim of a hate crime may be an individual, a business, an institution, or society as a whole. In 2013, the nation’s law enforcement agencies reported that there were 7,242 victims of hate crimes. Of these victims, 12 were victimized in 6 separate multiple-bias incidents.

In 2013, the national UCR Program began collecting revised race and ethnicity data in accordance with a directive from the U.S. Government’s Office of Management and Budget. The race categories were expanded from four (White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, and Asian or Other Pacific Islander) to five (American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and White). The ethnicity categories changed from “Hispanic” and “Non-Hispanic” to “Hispanic or Latino” and “Not Hispanic or Latino.” (See the Methodology for more information about this program change as well as others.)

By bias motivation         

An analysis of data for victims of single-bias hate crime incidents showed that:

  • 49.3 percent of the victims were targeted because of the offenders’ bias against race.
  • 20.2 percent were targeted because of bias against sexual orientation.
  • 16.9 percent were victimized because of bias against religion.
  • 11.4 percent were victimized because of bias against ethnicity.
  • 1.4 percent were targeted because of bias against disability.
  • 0.5 percent (33 individuals) were victims of gender-identity bias.
  • 0.4 percent (30 individuals) were victims of gender bias. (Based on Table 1.)

 

When examining these biases in further detail, the following breakdowns of bias categories can be found.

Racial bias

Among single-bias hate crime incidents in 2013, there were 3,563 victims of racially motivated hate crime.

  • 66.5 percent were victims of crimes motivated by their offenders’ anti-Black or African American bias.
  • 21.2 percent were victims of anti-White bias.
  • 4.6 percent were victims of anti-Asian bias.
  • 4.5 percent were victims of  anti-American Indian or Alaska Native bias.
  • 3.1 percent were victims of bias against a group of individuals in which more than one race was represented (anti-multiple races, group).
  • 0.1 percent (3 individuals) were victims of anti-Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander bias. (Based on Table 1.)

Sexual-orientation bias

Of the 1,461 victims targeted due to sexual-orientation bias:

  • 60.9 percent were victims of crimes motivated by their offenders’ anti-gay (male) bias.
  • 22.5 percent were victims of anti-lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (mixed group) bias.
  • 13.1 percent were victims of anti-lesbian bias.
  • 1.8 percent were victims of anti-bisexual bias.
  • 1.6 percent were victims of anti-heterosexual bias. (Based on Table 1.)

Religious bias

Of the 1,223 victims of anti-religious hate crimes:

  • 60.3 percent were victims of crimes motivated by their offenders’ anti-Jewish bias.
  • 13.7 percent were victims of anti-Islamic (Muslim) bias.
  • 6.1 percent were victims of anti-Catholic bias.
  • 4.3 percent were victims of bias against groups of individuals of varying religions (anti-multiple religions, group).
  • 3.8 percent were victims of anti-Protestant bias.
  • 0.6 percent were victims of anti-Atheist/Agnostic bias.
  • 11.2 percent were victims of bias against other religions (anti-other religion). (Based on Table 1.)

Ethnicity

Hate crimes motivated by the offender’s bias toward a particular ethnicity were directed at 821 victims. Of these victims:

  • 52.6 percent were targeted because of anti-Hispanic or Latino bias.
  • 47.4 percent were victimized because of anti-not Hispanic or Latino bias. (Based on Table 1.)

Note: the term anti-not Hispanic or Latino does not imply the victim was targeted because he/she was not of Hispanic origin, but it refers to other or unspecified ethnic biases that are not Hispanic or Latino. 

Disability bias

Of the 99 victims of a hate crime due to the offender’s bias against a disability:

  • 75 were targets of anti-mental disability bias.
  • 24 were victims of anti-physical disability bias. (See Table 1.)

Gender bias

Of the 30 victims of hate crime motivated by an offender’s bias toward gender:

  • 25 were categorized as anti-female.
  • 5 were anti-male. (See Table 1.)

Gender-identity bias

Of the 33 victims of gender-identity bias:

  • 25 were victims of anti-transgender bias.
  • 8 were victims of anti-gender non-conforming bias. (See Table 1.)

By crime category

Of the 7,242 victims of hate crime, 61.2 percent were victims of crimes against persons, and 37.7 percent were victims of crimes against property. The remaining 1.1 percent were victims of crimes against society. (Based on Table 2.)

By offense type

Crimes against persons

In 2013, 4,430 victims of hate crimes were victims of crimes against persons. Regarding these victims and the crimes committed against them:

  • 5 persons were murdered, and 21 were raped. (Concerning rape, data for rapes were submitted under the UCR Program’s revised definition, and 6 were submitted under the legacy definition of rape. See the Methodology for more information about this program change as well as others.)
  • 43.5 percent of the victims were intimidated.
  • 38.8 percent were victims of simple assault.
  • 16.6 percent were victims of aggravated assault.
  • 0.6 percent (25) were victims of other types of offenses, which are collected only in the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). (Based on Table 2.)

Crimes against property

In 2013, 2,733 victims of hate crimes were victims of crimes against property. Of these:

  • 73.6 percent were victims of destruction/damage/vandalism.
  • 9.0 percent were victims of larceny-theft.
  • 7.4 percent were victims of burglary.
  • 5.3 percent were victims of robbery.
  • 1.5 percent were victims of arson.
  • 0.8 percent (21) were victims of motor vehicle theft.
  • 2.5 percent were victims of other types of hate crime offenses, which are collected only in the NIBRS. (Based on Table 2.)

Crimes against society

There were 79 victims of hate crimes that were categorized as crimes against society. (See Table 2.)