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Location Type

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Agencies may specify the location of an offense within a hate crime incident as 1 of 46 location designations. However, not all reporting agencies have made the programming changes to allow the relatively new location designations; therefore, the data collected to date are not yet representative of all location designations. Also, the location type cyberspace is collected in the National Incident-Based Reporting System only. The location designations of the hate crime incidents reported in 2016 (based on Table 10) were:

  • 27.3 percent of hate crime incidents occurred in or near residences/homes.
  • 18.4 percent took place on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 9.9 percent happened at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 5.7 percent took place in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 3.9 percent occurred in churches/synagogues/temples/mosques.
  • 2.3 percent took place in restaurants.
  • 1.9 percent occurred in commercial office buildings.
  • 1.8 percent took place in government/public buildings.
  • 1.6 percent occurred at parks/playgrounds.
  • 1.6 percent happened in bars/nightclubs.
  • 1.4 percent took place in convenience stores.
  • 1.0 percent took place in drug stores/doctors’ offices/hospitals.
  • 10.3 percent of hate crimes occurred in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 12.7 percent took place in other/unknown locations.

Location by bias motivation

Race/Ethnicity/Ancestry bias

Law enforcement reported 3,489 hate crime incidents motivated by race/ethnicity/ancestry bias in 2016. Of these:

  • 28.9 percent took place in or near residences/homes.
  • 20.6 percent occurred on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 9.4 percent happened at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 6.4 percent took place in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 2.6 percent occurred in restaurants.
  • 2.1 percent took place in government/public buildings.
  • 1.9 percent happened at parks/playgrounds.
  • 1.8 percent occurred in commercial/office buildings.
  • 1.7 percent took place at air/bus/train terminals.
  • 1.6 percent occurred at convenience stores.
  • 1.6 percent took place at service/gas stations.
  • 1.4 percent occurred in bars/nightclubs.
  • 1.4 percent took place in drug stores/doctors’ offices/hospitals.
  • 1.3 percent occurred at department/discount stores.
  • 8.8 percent took place in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 8.5 percent occurred in other/unknown locations.

Religious bias

Of the 1,273 reported hate crime incidents that occurred due to a religious bias:

  • 19.6 percent happened in or near residences/homes.
  • 15.2 percent occurred in churches/synagogues/temples/mosques.
  • 12.6 percent transpired at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 9.2 percent took place on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 3.9 percent occurred in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 2.3 percent took place in commercial office buildings.
  • 13.5 percent occurred in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 23.6 percent took place in other/unknown locations.

Sexual-orientation bias

Law enforcement reported that bias motivation against a particular sexual orientation prompted 1,076 hate crime incidents in 2016. Of these:

  • 30.4 percent occurred in or near residences/homes.
  • 22.4 percent happened on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 8.3 percent transpired at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 6.3 percent occurred in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 4.0 percent took place in bars/nightclubs.
  • 2.7 percent happened in restaurants.
  • 1.9 percent happened in commercial office buildings.
  • 1.5 percent occurred in air/bus/train terminals.
  • 1.2 percent took place in department/discount stores.
  • 1.2 percent occurred in jails/prisons/penitentiaries/corrections facilities.
  • 1.1 percent took place at parks/playgrounds.
  • 6.8 percent occurred in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 12.3 percent took place in other/unknown locations.

Disability bias

Bias against individuals with a disability (either physical or mental) motivated 70 reported hate crime incidents in 2016. Of these:

  • 45.7 percent occurred in or near residences/homes.
  • 10.0 percent took place on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 10.0 percent happened in schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 24.3 percent transpired in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 10.0 percent happened in other/unknown locations.

Gender bias

Law enforcement reported 31 gender bias hate crimes in 2016. Of these:

  • 35.5 percent happened at residences/homes.
  • 6.5 percent occurred at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 6.5 percent took place in government/public buildings.
  • 6.5 percent took place in restaurants.
  • 19.4 percent occurred in the remaining specified locations or in multiple locations.
  • 25.8 percent happened in other/unknown locations.

Gender identity

During 2016, 124 hate crimes motivated by gender identity were reported. Of these:

  • 28.2 percent occurred on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 19.4 percent happened at residences/homes.
  • 5.6 percent occurred at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 4.0 percent took place in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 21.0 percent took place in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 21.8 percent occurred at other/unknown locations.

Multiple-bias incidents

Fifty-eight multiple-bias hate crime incidents were reported in 2016. Of these:

  • 19 occurred in or near residences/homes.
  • 9 took place on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 9 took place in schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 3 happened in churches/synagogues/temples/mosques.
  • 3 occurred in air/bus/train terminals.
  • 3 happened in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 2 took place at parks/playgrounds.
  • 1 occurred in a bar/nightclub.
  • 1 happened in a commercial office building.
  • 1 took place in a government/public building.
  • 1 occurred in a jail/prison/penitentiary/corrections facility.
  • 1 happened at multiple locations.
  • 5 were reported in the other/unknown location category.