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Location Type

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Agencies may specify the location of an offense within a hate crime incident as 1 of 45 location designations. However, not all reporting agencies have made the programming change to allow these additional locations designations; therefore, the data collected to date are not yet representative of all location designations. The location designations of the hate crime incidents reported in 2014 (based on Table 10) were:

  • 31.6 percent of hate crime incidents occurred in or near residences/homes.
  • 17.8 percent took place on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 8.6 percent happened at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 6.3 percent took place in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 3.6 percent occurred in churches/synagogues/temples/mosques.
  • 2.1 percent took place in restaurants.
  • 1.8 percent occurred in government/public buildings.
  • 1.6 percent happened in bars/nightclubs.
  • 1.3 percent took place in convenience stores.
  • 1.3 percent took place in commercial office buildings.
  • 1.3 percent took place in drug stores/doctors’ offices/hospitals.
  • 1.3 percent occurred at parks/playgrounds.
  • 9.6 percent of hate crimes occurred in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 11.9 percent took place in other/unknown locations.

Location by bias motivation

Racial bias

Law enforcement reported 2,568 hate crime incidents motivated by racial bias in 2014. Of these:

  • 32.2 percent took place in or near residences/homes.
  • 19.2 percent occurred on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 9.5 percent happened at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 7.2 percent took place in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 2.3 percent occurred in restaurants.
  • 2.2 percent took place in government/public buildings.
  • 1.9 percent occurred in bars/nightclubs.
  • 1.6 percent took place in drug stores/doctors’ offices/hospitals.
  • 1.5 percent occurred at air/bus/train terminals.
  • 1.4 percent took place at department/discount stores.
  • 1.4 percent occurred at convenience stores.
  • 1.4 percent took place at service/gas stations.
  • 1.3 percent occurred at parks/playgrounds.
  • 8.7 percent took place in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 8.2 percent occurred in other/unknown locations.

Religious bias

Of the 1,014 reported hate crime incidents that occurred due to a religious bias:

  • 24.6 percent happened in or near residences/homes.
  • 15.6 percent occurred in churches/synagogues/temples/mosques.
  • 9.5 percent took place on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 9.5 percent transpired at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 3.6 percent occurred in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 1.7 percent took place in commercial office buildings.
  • 10.2 percent occurred in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 25.4 percent took place in other/unknown locations.

Sexual-orientation bias

Law enforcement reported that bias motivation against a particular sexual orientation prompted 1,017 hate crime incidents in 2014. Of these:

  • 31.3 percent occurred in or near residences/homes.
  • 22.7 percent happened on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 8.0 percent transpired at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 5.8 percent occurred in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 2.5 percent happened in restaurants.
  • 2.3 percent took place in bars/nightclubs.
  • 1.7 percent took place at parks/playgrounds.
  • 13.5 percent occurred in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 12.4 percent took place in other/unknown locations.

Ethnicity bias

Of the 648 hate crime incidents motivated by ethnicity bias as reported by law enforcement in 2014:

  • 36.9 percent occurred in or near residences/homes.
  • 16.5 percent took place on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 7.6 percent happened in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 4.8 percent transpired at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 3.2 percent took place in convenience stores.
  • 2.5 percent occurred in restaurants.
  • 2.0 happened in bars/nightclubs.
  • 19.1 percent took place in the remaining specified location categories or in multiple locations.
  • 7.4 percent happened in other/unknown locations.

Disability bias

Bias against individuals with a disability (either physical or mental) motivated 84 reported hate crime incidents in 2014. Of these:

  • 42.9 percent occurred in or near residences/homes.
  • 13.1 percent took place on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 10.7 percent happened in schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 23.8 percent transpired in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 9.5 percent happened in other/unknown locations.

Gender bias

Law enforcement reported 33 gender bias hate crimes in 2014. Of these:

  • 42.4 percent happened at residences/homes.
  • 18.2 percent happened on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 12.1 percent occurred at schools/colleges (based on 3 designations).
  • 27.3 percent occurred in the remaining specified locations.

Gender Identity

During 2014, 98 hate crimes motivated by gender identity were reported. Of these:

  • 41.8 percent happened at residences/homes.
  • 26.5 percent occurred on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 6.1 percent occurred in parking/drop lots/garages.
  • 22.4 percent took place in the remaining specified location categories.
  • 3.1 percent occurred at other/unknown locations.

Multiple-bias incidents

Seventeen multiple-bias hate crime incidents were reported in 2014. Of these:

  • 7 occurred in or residences/homes.
  • 4 took place on highways/roads/alleys/streets/sidewalks.
  • 2 happened in elementary/secondary schools.
  • 1 happened in a parking/drop lot/garage.
  • 1 took place at a restaurant.
  • 1 happened at a service/gas station.
  • 1 was reported in the other/unknown location category.