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National Use-of-Force Data Collection: What Data will be Collected?

National Use-of-Force Data Collection: What Data Will Be Collected?

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The law enforcement community, in partnership with the FBI, is working to improve the way the nation collects, analyzes, and uses crimes statistics about law enforcement’s use of force.

Three types of use-of-force events and information related to each event will be collected starting in 2017. These events include:

  • When a fatality to a person occurs connected to use of force by a law enforcement officer;
  • When there is serious bodily injury to a person connected to use of force by a law enforcement officer;
  • In the absence of either death or serious bodily injury, when a firearm is discharged by law enforcement at or in the direction of a person.

The definition of serious bodily injury will be based, in part, upon Title 18, United States Code, Section 2246 (4). The term “serious bodily injury” means “bodily injury that involves a substantial risk of death, unconsciousness, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.”

The National Use-of-Force Data Collection will include the following data elements:

Incident information

  • Date and time of the incident
  • Total number of officers who applied actual force during the incident
  • Number of officers from the reporting agency who applied actual force during the incident
  • Location of the incident (address or latitude/longitude)
  • Location type of the incident (street, business, residence, restaurant, school, etc.)
  • Did the officer(s) approach the subject(s)?
  • Was it an ambush incident?
  • Was a supervisor or a senior officer acting in a supervisory capacity present or consulted at any point during the incident?
  • What was the reason for initial contact between the subject and the officer (response to unlawful or suspicious activity, routine patrol, traffic stop, etc.)?
  • If the initial contact was due to “unlawful or criminal activity,” what were the most serious reported offenses committed by the subject prior to or at the time of the incident?
  • If applicable, the reporting agency will enter the National Incident-Based Reporting System or local incident number of the report detailing criminal incident information on the subject and/or assault or homicide of a law enforcement officer
  • If the incident involved multiple law enforcement agencies, the agency will include case numbers for the local use-of-force reports at the other agencies

Subject information

  • Age, sex, race, ethnicity, height, and weight
  • Injury/death of subject(s) (gunshot wound, apparent broken bones, unconsciousness, etc.)
  • Type(s) of force used connected to serious bodily injury or death (firearm, electronic control weapon, explosive device, blunt instrument, etc.)
  • Did the subject(s) resist?
  • Was the threat by the subject(s) directed to the officer or to another party?
  • Type(s) of subject resistance/weapon involvement (threatened officer, threatened others, threatened self, active aggression, firearm, attempt to flee, etc.)
  • Was there an apparent or known impairment in the physical condition of subject? If yes, indicate which (mental health/alcohol/drugs/unknown)
  • At any time during the incident, was the subject(s) armed or believed to be armed with a weapon?

Officer information

  • Age, sex, race, ethnicity, height, and weight
  • Years of service as a law enforcement officer (total tenure, number of years)
  • At the time of the incident, was the officer a full-time employee?
  • Was the officer readily identifiable?
  • Was the officer on duty at the time of the incident?
  • Did the officer discharge a firearm?
  • Was the officer injured?
  • What was the officer’s injury type (gunshot wound, apparent broken bones, severe laceration, unconsciousness, etc.)

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