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LEOKA Resources

Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted Program


Through the Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted (LEOKA) Program, the FBI is committed to providing data and training that helps keep law enforcement officers safe as they protect the nation’s communities. The goal of the program is to provide relevant, high quality, potentially lifesaving information to law enforcement agencies focusing on why an incident occurred as opposed to what occurred during the incident, with the hope of preventing future incidents. The data collected is analyzed by the LEOKA team and the results are incorporated into the officer safety awareness training the FBI provides for partner agencies.

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2018 LEOKA statistics infographic poster

2018 LEOKA Statistics Infographic (pdf)

LEOKA’s Latest Preliminary Statistics

invisible graphicAs of 08/16/2018:

  • Forty law enforcement officers have been reported feloniously killed in 2018. During the previous year for the same time period, 26 officers were feloniously killed. At the time the 40 law enforcement officers were fatally wounded in 2018:
    • Ten were ambushed (entrapment/premeditation)
    • Zero were victims of unprovoked attacks

  • Twenty-nine law enforcement officers have been reported accidentally killed in 2018. During the previous year for the same time period, 38 officers were accidentally killed.

LEOKA’s Three-Tier Approach

The program has a three-tier approach in order to fulfill its mission and promote officer safety awareness to the law enforcement community nationwide:

  • Data collection: Data on line-of-duty deaths and assaults are collected from participating agencies across the country through the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, and the recent expansion of the data collection methods are providing even more facts that can be studied by experts and officer safety trainers in order to tailor training to real world circumstances. The data are also published annually in the Bureau’s Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted report.
  • Research: Over the years, researchers led by the LEOKA Program have been conducting in-depth research using UCR data collected regarding incidents in which officers are killed or assaulted. The published research gives officers a sharper understanding of what types of scenarios and circumstances have resulted in fatalities and assaults. These articles and publications also contain information obtained through extensive interviews with officers and offenders involved in critical incidents to develop lessons learned, trends and curriculum development for the FBI’s Officer Safety Awareness Training (OSAT).
  • Training: The objective of the Bureau’s OSAT, which has been provided to thousands of our law enforcement partners in the U.S. and abroad, is to assist law enforcement managers, trainers, and personnel with identifying issues and circumstances that may contribute to officer deaths and assaults and help prevent them. Data has shown an increase in ambushes on our nation’s law enforcement officers. As a result, LEOKA trainers are studying the data with the purpose of shaping future training to help reverse this trend with information and education.

LEOKA Annual Reports

2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | More

Law Enforcement Studies 

The below trilogy of LEOKA studies, available exclusively to law enforcement through the FBI’s Law Enforcement Enterprise Portal (LEEP), focuses on fatality and assault cases against law enforcement with the goal to improve officer safety.

  • Killed in the Line of Duty
    A study of selected felonious killings of law enforcement officers examining offender motives in an attempt to answer why these attacks occur.
  • In the Line of Fire
    A study of felonious assaults on law enforcement officers which examines both the offender motives and officer perceptions of the assault to improve officer safety.
  • Violent Encounters
    A culmination of the two previous studies focused on felonious assaults and killings of law enforcement critically examining officer perceptions, offender motives, and the circumstances that brought them together.

For Law Enforcement Only

In addition to the annual Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assault report and OSAT, the LEOKA Program has additional resources available for law enforcement via a Special Interest Group that can be accessed through the FBI’s Law Enforcement Enterprise Portal (LEEP), including:

  • A training calendar;
  • Three major case studies entitled Killed in the Line of Duty, In the Line of Fire, and Violent Encounters;
  • A series of articles on safety issues (i.e., foot pursuits, arrest situations, preventing assaults, accidental deaths);
  • Additional statistics;
  • A video on speed control in vehicle pursuits; and LEOKA forms.

If you work for a law enforcement, criminal justice, or public safety agency, you can obtain a LEEP account. For additional information, e-mail or call 1-888-334-4536

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