Table 43

Arrests

by Race and Ethnicity, 2019

[10,831 agencies; 2019 estimated population 229,735,355]

Table 43A

Total arrests Percent distribution1 Total arrests Percent distribution1
Race Ethnicity
Offense charged Total White Black or
African
American
American
Indian or
Alaska
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Total White Black or
African
American
American
Indian or
Alaska
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Total2 Hispanic
or
Latino
Not
Hispanic
or Latino
Total Hispanic
or
Latino
Not
Hispanic
or Latino
TOTAL 6,816,975 4,729,290 1,815,144 164,852 86,733 20,956 100.0 69.4 26.6 2.4 1.3 0.3 5,896,059 1,126,806 4,769,253 100.0 19.1 80.9
Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 7,964 3,650 4,078 125 83 28 100.0 45.8 51.2 1.6 1.0 0.4 6,474 1,341 5,133 100.0 20.7 79.3
Rape3 16,599 11,588 4,427 249 276 59 100.0 69.8 26.7 1.5 1.7 0.4 14,172 3,948 10,224 100.0 27.9 72.1
Robbery 56,305 25,143 29,677 635 568 282 100.0 44.7 52.7 1.1 1.0 0.5 50,705 12,002 38,703 100.0 23.7 76.3
Aggravated assault 274,376 169,467 91,164 7,192 4,902 1,651 100.0 61.8 33.2 2.6 1.8 0.6 243,279 62,421 180,858 100.0 25.7 74.3
Burglary 118,843 81,104 34,188 1,728 1,464 359 100.0 68.2 28.8 1.5 1.2 0.3 105,558 21,981 83,577 100.0 20.8 79.2
Larceny-theft 592,679 393,226 178,937 11,718 7,133 1,665 100.0 66.3 30.2 2.0 1.2 0.3 502,776 74,227 428,549 100.0 14.8 85.2
Motor vehicle theft 57,278 38,719 16,409 1,213 721 216 100.0 67.6 28.6 2.1 1.3 0.4 50,482 12,720 37,762 100.0 25.2 74.8
Arson 6,291 4,453 1,553 121 125 39 100.0 70.8 24.7 1.9 2.0 0.6 5,460 1,022 4,438 100.0 18.7 81.3
Violent crime4 355,244 209,848 129,346 8,201 5,829 2,020 100.0 59.1 36.4 2.3 1.6 0.6 314,630 79,712 234,918 100.0 25.3 74.7
Property crime4 775,091 517,502 231,087 14,780 9,443 2,279 100.0 66.8 29.8 1.9 1.2 0.3 664,276 109,950 554,326 100.0 16.6 83.4
Other assaults 703,534 455,901 219,400 16,037 9,907 2,289 100.0 64.8 31.2 2.3 1.4 0.3 608,510 115,069 493,441 100.0 18.9 81.1
Forgery and counterfeiting 32,100 21,537 9,668 338 501 56 100.0 67.1 30.1 1.1 1.6 0.2 28,277 4,786 23,491 100.0 16.9 83.1
Fraud 78,698 51,861 24,041 1,424 1,208 164 100.0 65.9 30.5 1.8 1.5 0.2 68,160 9,984 58,176 100.0 14.6 85.4
Embezzlement 9,886 5,983 3,587 114 179 23 100.0 60.5 36.3 1.2 1.8 0.2 8,271 1,099 7,172 100.0 13.3 86.7
Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 63,035 38,751 21,998 1,108 825 353 100.0 61.5 34.9 1.8 1.3 0.6 54,930 10,331 44,599 100.0 18.8 81.2
Vandalism 126,161 86,360 34,670 3,198 1,598 335 100.0 68.5 27.5 2.5 1.3 0.3 109,856 21,333 88,523 100.0 19.4 80.6
Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 108,847 60,494 45,530 1,129 1,247 447 100.0 55.6 41.8 1.0 1.1 0.4 92,892 22,081 70,811 100.0 23.8 76.2
Prostitution and commercialized vice 19,811 10,074 8,370 73 1,205 89 100.0 50.9 42.2 0.4 6.1 0.4 18,191 3,506 14,685 100.0 19.3 80.7
Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution) 28,627 21,360 5,903 596 668 100 100.0 74.6 20.6 2.1 2.3 0.3 25,184 7,023 18,161 100.0 27.9 72.1
Drug abuse violations 1,052,101 748,874 274,670 14,098 11,857 2,602 100.0 71.2 26.1 1.3 1.1 0.2 946,784 194,654 752,130 100.0 20.6 79.4
Gambling 1,895 1,081 553 13 214 34 100.0 57.0 29.2 0.7 11.3 1.8 1,682 434 1,248 100.0 25.8 74.2
Offenses against the family and children 58,042 38,196 16,454 2,821 493 78 100.0 65.8 28.3 4.9 0.8 0.1 49,402 6,443 42,959 100.0 13.0 87.0
Driving under the influence 646,607 526,928 90,888 12,373 13,071 3,347 100.0 81.5 14.1 1.9 2.0 0.5 549,292 145,127 404,165 100.0 26.4 73.6
Liquor laws 109,887 85,350 17,077 5,657 1,651 152 100.0 77.7 15.5 5.1 1.5 0.1 90,033 14,802 75,231 100.0 16.4 83.6
Drunkenness 218,095 164,797 32,255 18,238 2,431 374 100.0 75.6 14.8 8.4 1.1 0.2 206,492 46,634 159,858 100.0 22.6 77.4
Disorderly conduct 208,690 132,676 64,049 9,811 1,820 334 100.0 63.6 30.7 4.7 0.9 0.2 164,645 22,897 141,748 100.0 13.9 86.1
Vagrancy 15,952 10,763 4,497 473 201 18 100.0 67.5 28.2 3.0 1.3 0.1 14,779 2,109 12,670 100.0 14.3 85.7
All other offenses (except traffic) 2,192,791 1,532,998 577,689 54,049 22,248 5,807 100.0 69.9 26.3 2.5 1.0 0.3 1,870,588 306,544 1,564,044 100.0 16.4 83.6
Suspicion 1,316 1,008 257 49 2 0 100.0 76.6 19.5 3.7 0.2 0.0 410 37 373 100.0 9.0 91.0
Curfew and loitering law violations 10,565 6,948 3,155 272 135 55 100.0 65.8 29.9 2.6 1.3 0.5 8,775 2,251 6,524 100.0 25.7 74.3
  • 1 Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to 100.0.
  • 2 The ethnicity totals are representative of those agencies that provided ethnicity breakdowns. Not all agencies provide ethnicity data; therefore, the race and ethnicity totals will not equal.
  • 3 The rape figures in this table are aggregate totals of the data submitted based on both the legacy and revised Uniform Crime Reporting definitions.
  • 4 Violent crimes are offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

Table 43B

Arrests under 18 Percent distribution1 Arrests under 18 Percent distribution1
Race Ethnicity
Offense charged Total White Black or
African
American
American
Indian or
Alaska
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Total White Black or
African
American
American
Indian or
Alaska
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Total2 Hispanic
or
Latino
Not
Hispanic
or Latino
Total Hispanic
or
Latino
Not
Hispanic
or Latino
TOTAL 475,371 296,881 161,149 10,680 5,219 1,442 100.0 62.5 33.9 2.2 1.1 0.3 403,502 95,258 308,244 100.0 23.6 76.4
Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 629 298 314 16 1 0 100.0 47.4 49.9 2.5 0.2 0.0 490 158 332 100.0 32.2 67.8
Rape3 2,800 1,990 732 37 35 6 100.0 71.1 26.1 1.3 1.3 0.2 2,328 494 1,834 100.0 21.2 78.8
Robbery 12,148 4,391 7,486 69 128 74 100.0 36.1 61.6 0.6 1.1 0.6 11,015 2,861 8,154 100.0 26.0 74.0
Aggravated assault 19,159 10,810 7,602 462 227 58 100.0 56.4 39.7 2.4 1.2 0.3 16,776 4,732 12,044 100.0 28.2 71.8
Burglary 14,248 8,083 5,632 306 166 61 100.0 56.7 39.5 2.1 1.2 0.4 12,261 3,023 9,238 100.0 24.7 75.3
Larceny-theft 60,623 33,603 24,837 1,046 915 222 100.0 55.4 41.0 1.7 1.5 0.4 50,825 10,250 40,575 100.0 20.2 79.8
Motor vehicle theft 9,637 4,523 4,789 231 76 18 100.0 46.9 49.7 2.4 0.8 0.2 8,352 2,061 6,291 100.0 24.7 75.3
Arson 1,241 862 341 24 12 2 100.0 69.5 27.5 1.9 1.0 0.2 1,059 198 861 100.0 18.7 81.3
Violent crime4 34,736 17,489 16,134 584 391 138 100.0 50.3 46.4 1.7 1.1 0.4 30,609 8,245 22,364 100.0 26.9 73.1
Property crime4 85,749 47,071 35,599 1,607 1,169 303 100.0 54.9 41.5 1.9 1.4 0.4 72,497 15,532 56,965 100.0 21.4 78.6
Other assaults 86,016 51,035 32,259 1,620 842 260 100.0 59.3 37.5 1.9 1.0 0.3 74,255 16,884 57,371 100.0 22.7 77.3
Forgery and counterfeiting 600 373 215 3 8 1 100.0 62.2 35.8 0.5 1.3 0.2 523 123 400 100.0 23.5 76.5
Fraud 2,547 1,274 1,181 61 30 1 100.0 50.0 46.4 2.4 1.2 * 2,165 441 1,724 100.0 20.4 79.6
Embezzlement 392 183 195 1 12 1 100.0 46.7 49.7 0.3 3.1 0.3 313 65 248 100.0 20.8 79.2
Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 6,355 2,201 3,962 92 57 43 100.0 34.6 62.3 1.4 0.9 0.7 5,509 1,087 4,422 100.0 19.7 80.3
Vandalism 22,150 15,419 6,025 492 171 43 100.0 69.6 27.2 2.2 0.8 0.2 19,191 4,171 15,020 100.0 21.7 78.3
Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 11,381 6,327 4,703 141 174 36 100.0 55.6 41.3 1.2 1.5 0.3 9,939 3,326 6,613 100.0 33.5 66.5
Prostitution and commercialized vice 213 101 108 0 2 2 100.0 47.4 50.7 0.0 0.9 0.9 193 32 161 100.0 16.6 83.4
Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution) 4,651 3,471 1,013 59 86 22 100.0 74.6 21.8 1.3 1.8 0.5 3,922 1,033 2,889 100.0 26.3 73.7
Drug abuse violations 54,459 40,735 11,651 1,220 655 198 100.0 74.8 21.4 2.2 1.2 0.4 48,307 14,561 33,746 100.0 30.1 69.9
Gambling 149 87 57 0 5 0 100.0 58.4 38.3 0.0 3.4 0.0 136 47 89 100.0 34.6 65.4
Offenses against the family and children 2,056 1,377 463 206 10 0 100.0 67.0 22.5 10.0 0.5 0.0 1,709 405 1,304 100.0 23.7 76.3
Driving under the influence 3,460 3,093 203 107 42 15 100.0 89.4 5.9 3.1 1.2 0.4 2,846 877 1,969 100.0 30.8 69.2
Liquor laws 16,621 14,274 1,127 987 189 44 100.0 85.9 6.8 5.9 1.1 0.3 13,730 2,715 11,015 100.0 19.8 80.2
Drunkenness 2,306 1,784 275 222 22 3 100.0 77.4 11.9 9.6 1.0 0.1 2,145 781 1,364 100.0 36.4 63.6
Disorderly conduct 36,195 19,802 15,144 942 259 48 100.0 54.7 41.8 2.6 0.7 0.1 28,137 5,454 22,683 100.0 19.4 80.6
Vagrancy 255 183 65 5 2 0 100.0 71.8 25.5 2.0 0.8 0.0 193 70 123 100.0 36.3 63.7
All other offenses (except traffic) 94,492 63,638 27,609 2,058 958 229 100.0 67.3 29.2 2.2 1.0 0.2 78,393 17,157 61,236 100.0 21.9 78.1
Suspicion 23 16 6 1 0 0 100.0 69.6 26.1 4.3 0.0 0.0 15 1 14 100.0 6.7 93.3
Curfew and loitering law violations 10,565 6,948 3,155 272 135 55 100.0 65.8 29.9 2.6 1.3 0.5 8,775 2,251 6,524 100.0 25.7 74.3
  • 1 Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to 100.0.
  • 2 The ethnicity totals are representative of those agencies that provided ethnicity breakdowns. Not all agencies provide ethnicity data; therefore, the race and ethnicity totals will not equal.
  • 3 The rape figures in this table are aggregate totals of the data submitted based on both the legacy and revised Uniform Crime Reporting definitions.
  • 4 Violent crimes are offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.
  • * Less than one-tenth of 1 percent.

Table 43C

Arrests 18 and over Percent distribution1 Arrests 18 and over Percent distribution1
Race Ethnicity
Offense charged Total White Black or
African
American
American
Indian or
Alaska
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Total White Black or
African
American
American
Indian or
Alaska
Native
Asian Native
Hawaiian
or Other
Pacific
Islander
Total2 Hispanic
or
Latino
Not
Hispanic
or Latino
Total Hispanic
or
Latino
Not
Hispanic
or Latino
TOTAL 6,341,604 4,432,409 1,653,995 154,172 81,514 19,514 100.0 69.9 26.1 2.4 1.3 0.3 5,492,557 1,031,548 4,461,009 100.0 18.8 81.2
Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 7,335 3,352 3,764 109 82 28 100.0 45.7 51.3 1.5 1.1 0.4 5,984 1,183 4,801 100.0 19.8 80.2
Rape3 13,799 9,598 3,695 212 241 53 100.0 69.6 26.8 1.5 1.7 0.4 11,844 3,454 8,390 100.0 29.2 70.8
Robbery 44,157 20,752 22,191 566 440 208 100.0 47.0 50.3 1.3 1.0 0.5 39,690 9,141 30,549 100.0 23.0 77.0
Aggravated assault 255,217 158,657 83,562 6,730 4,675 1,593 100.0 62.2 32.7 2.6 1.8 0.6 226,503 57,689 168,814 100.0 25.5 74.5
Burglary 104,595 73,021 28,556 1,422 1,298 298 100.0 69.8 27.3 1.4 1.2 0.3 93,297 18,958 74,339 100.0 20.3 79.7
Larceny-theft 532,056 359,623 154,100 10,672 6,218 1,443 100.0 67.6 29.0 2.0 1.2 0.3 451,951 63,977 387,974 100.0 14.2 85.8
Motor vehicle theft 47,641 34,196 11,620 982 645 198 100.0 71.8 24.4 2.1 1.4 0.4 42,130 10,659 31,471 100.0 25.3 74.7
Arson 5,050 3,591 1,212 97 113 37 100.0 71.1 24.0 1.9 2.2 0.7 4,401 824 3,577 100.0 18.7 81.3
Violent crime4 320,508 192,359 113,212 7,617 5,438 1,882 100.0 60.0 35.3 2.4 1.7 0.6 284,021 71,467 212,554 100.0 25.2 74.8
Property crime4 689,342 470,431 195,488 13,173 8,274 1,976 100.0 68.2 28.4 1.9 1.2 0.3 591,779 94,418 497,361 100.0 16.0 84.0
Other assaults 617,518 404,866 187,141 14,417 9,065 2,029 100.0 65.6 30.3 2.3 1.5 0.3 534,255 98,185 436,070 100.0 18.4 81.6
Forgery and counterfeiting 31,500 21,164 9,453 335 493 55 100.0 67.2 30.0 1.1 1.6 0.2 27,754 4,663 23,091 100.0 16.8 83.2
Fraud 76,151 50,587 22,860 1,363 1,178 163 100.0 66.4 30.0 1.8 1.5 0.2 65,995 9,543 56,452 100.0 14.5 85.5
Embezzlement 9,494 5,800 3,392 113 167 22 100.0 61.1 35.7 1.2 1.8 0.2 7,958 1,034 6,924 100.0 13.0 87.0
Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 56,680 36,550 18,036 1,016 768 310 100.0 64.5 31.8 1.8 1.4 0.5 49,421 9,244 40,177 100.0 18.7 81.3
Vandalism 104,011 70,941 28,645 2,706 1,427 292 100.0 68.2 27.5 2.6 1.4 0.3 90,665 17,162 73,503 100.0 18.9 81.1
Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 97,466 54,167 40,827 988 1,073 411 100.0 55.6 41.9 1.0 1.1 0.4 82,953 18,755 64,198 100.0 22.6 77.4
Prostitution and commercialized vice 19,598 9,973 8,262 73 1,203 87 100.0 50.9 42.2 0.4 6.1 0.4 17,998 3,474 14,524 100.0 19.3 80.7
Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution) 23,976 17,889 4,890 537 582 78 100.0 74.6 20.4 2.2 2.4 0.3 21,262 5,990 15,272 100.0 28.2 71.8
Drug abuse violations 997,642 708,139 263,019 12,878 11,202 2,404 100.0 71.0 26.4 1.3 1.1 0.2 898,477 180,093 718,384 100.0 20.0 80.0
Gambling 1,746 994 496 13 209 34 100.0 56.9 28.4 0.7 12.0 1.9 1,546 387 1,159 100.0 25.0 75.0
Offenses against the family and children 55,986 36,819 15,991 2,615 483 78 100.0 65.8 28.6 4.7 0.9 0.1 47,693 6,038 41,655 100.0 12.7 87.3
Driving under the influence 643,147 523,835 90,685 12,266 13,029 3,332 100.0 81.4 14.1 1.9 2.0 0.5 546,446 144,250 402,196 100.0 26.4 73.6
Liquor laws 93,266 71,076 15,950 4,670 1,462 108 100.0 76.2 17.1 5.0 1.6 0.1 76,303 12,087 64,216 100.0 15.8 84.2
Drunkenness 215,789 163,013 31,980 18,016 2,409 371 100.0 75.5 14.8 8.3 1.1 0.2 204,347 45,853 158,494 100.0 22.4 77.6
Disorderly conduct 172,495 112,874 48,905 8,869 1,561 286 100.0 65.4 28.4 5.1 0.9 0.2 136,508 17,443 119,065 100.0 12.8 87.2
Vagrancy 15,697 10,580 4,432 468 199 18 100.0 67.4 28.2 3.0 1.3 0.1 14,586 2,039 12,547 100.0 14.0 86.0
All other offenses (except traffic) 2,098,299 1,469,360 550,080 51,991 21,290 5,578 100.0 70.0 26.2 2.5 1.0 0.3 1,792,195 289,387 1,502,808 100.0 16.1 83.9
Suspicion 1,293 992 251 48 2 0 100.0 76.7 19.4 3.7 0.2 0.0 395 36 359 100.0 9.1 90.9
Curfew and loitering law violations - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  • 1 Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to 100.0.
  • 2 The ethnicity totals are representative of those agencies that provided ethnicity breakdowns. Not all agencies provide ethnicity data; therefore, the race and ethnicity totals will not equal.
  • 3 The rape figures in this table are aggregate totals of the data submitted based on both the legacy and revised Uniform Crime Reporting definitions.
  • 4 Violent crimes are offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

Data Declaration

Provides the methodology used in constructing this table and other pertinent information about this table.

Overview

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Arrests, by Race and Ethnicity, 2019

  • In 2019, 69.4 percent of all individuals arrested were White, 26.6 percent were Black or African American, and 4.0 percent were of other races.
  • Of arrestees for whom ethnicity was reported, 19.1 percent were Hispanic or Latino.
  • Of all juveniles (persons under the age of 18) arrested in 2019, 62.5 percent were White, 33.9 percent were Black or African American, and 3.6 percent were of other races.
  • Of juvenile arrestees for whom ethnicity was reported, 23.6 percent were Hispanic or Latino.
  • Of all adults arrested in 2019, 69.9 percent were White, 26.1 percent were Black or African American, and 4.0 percent were of other races.
  • Of adult arrestees for whom ethnicity was reported, 18.8 percent were Hispanic or Latino.
  • White individuals were arrested more often for violent crimes than individuals of any other race and accounted for 59.1 percent of those arrests.
  • Of adults arrested for murder, 51.3 percent were Black or African American, 45.7 percent were White, and 3.0 percent were of other races.
  • White juveniles comprised 50.3 percent of all juveniles arrested for violent crimes, and Black or African American juveniles accounted for 46.4 percent of juveniles arrested for violent crimes. White juveniles comprised 54.9 percent of all juveniles arrested for property crimes.
  • Of juveniles arrested for drug abuse violations, 74.8 percent were White.
  • White juveniles comprised 56.4 percent of juveniles arrested for aggravated assault and 55.4 percent of juveniles arrested for larceny-theft.