Table 5

Cargo Theft by Offense, 2019 

The FBI collects these data through the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program’s Summary Reporting System and National Incident-Based Reporting System. 

General comment 

Cargo theft is the criminal taking of any cargo including, but not limited to, goods, chattels, money, or baggage that constitutes, in whole or in part, a commercial shipment of freight moving in commerce, from any pipeline system, railroad car, motor truck, or other vehicle, or from any tank or storage facility, station house, platform, or depot, or from any vessel or wharf, or from any aircraft, air terminal, airport, aircraft terminal or air navigation facility, or from any intermodal container, intermodal chassis, trailer, container freight station, warehouse, freight distribution facility, or freight consolidation facility. For purposes of this definition, cargo shall be deemed as moving in commerce at all points between the point of origin and the final destination, regardless of any temporary stop while awaiting transshipment or otherwise. 

Because cargo theft is defined as “the criminal taking of any cargo . . .,” specific crimes against property apply to cargo theft. The applicable crimes against property include: 

120 = Robbery 

23D = Theft from building 

23F = Theft from motor vehicle 

23H = All other larceny 

26A = False pretenses, swindle, confidence game 

26B = Credit card, automatic teller machine fraud 

26C = Impersonation 

26E = Wire fraud 

26F = Identity theft 

26G = Hacking, computer invasion 

210 = Extortion, blackmail 

220 = Burglary, breaking & entering 

240 = Motor vehicle theft 

270 = Embezzlement 

510 = Bribery 

In addition, cargo theft is not considered an offense by itself; all offenses that happen within a cargo theft incident are to be reported. Cargo theft data are derived by capturing the additional element of “theft of cargo” in incidents that contain any of the applicable offenses. 

This table shows the number of offenses specific to cargo theft and the number of additional offenses reported within a verified cargo theft incident. 

Methodology

To arrive at the totals provided, the UCR Program counted one offense for each offense type reported in an incident.