Table 71 Data Declaration
Full-time Law Enforcement Officers, by Region and Geographic Division by Population Group, Number and Rate per 1,000 Inhabitants, 2018
The FBI collects these data through the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program.
- This table provides the number and rate per 1,000 inhabitants of sworn law enforcement officers broken down by region, geographic division, and population group.
- The totals for full-time law enforcement officers in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan county agencies are combined in this table.
- Suburban areas include law enforcement agencies in cities with less than 50,000 inhabitants and county law enforcement agencies that are within a Metropolitan Statistical Area.
- Suburban areas exclude all metropolitan agencies associated with a principal city. The agencies associated with suburban areas also appear in other groups within this table.
- The information in this table is derived from law enforcement officer counts (as of October 31, 2018) submitted by participating agencies.
- The UCR Program defines law enforcement officers as individuals who ordinarily carry a firearm and a badge, have full arrest powers, and are paid from governmental funds set aside specifically to pay sworn law enforcement.
- The FBI derived the rate of full-time law enforcement officers per population group by first dividing the aggregated total of personnel for the group by the aggregated estimated populations covered by the contributing agencies within the group and then multiplying the resulting figure by 1,000.
Regions and geographic divisions
The U.S. Census Bureau established the four regions of the United States along with their nine geographic divisions that are used by the UCR Program to compile the nation’s crime data. The following table lists the 50 states and the District of Columbia arranged according to the regions and geographic divisions of the United States.
East North Central
West North Central
District of Columbia
East South Central
West South Central
The UCR Program uses the following population group designations:
250,000 and more
100,000 to 249,999
50,000 to 99,999
25,000 to 49,999
10,000 to 24,999
Less than 10,000
VIII (Nonmetropolitan County)2
IX (Metropolitan County)2
1Includes universities and colleges to which no population is attributed.
2Includes state police to which no population is attributed.
For the 2018 population estimates used in this table, the FBI computed individual rates of growth from one year to the next for every city/town and county using 2010 decennial population counts and 2011 through 2017 population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau. Each agency’s rates of growth were averaged; that average was then applied and added to its 2017 Census population estimate to derive the agency’s 2018 population estimate.