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Uniform Crime Report
Crime in the United States, 2012

Property Crime
Definition



In the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, property crime includes the
offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. The object of the theft-
type offenses is the taking of money or property, but there is no force or threat of force
against the victims. The property crime category includes arson because the offense
involves the destruction of property; however, arson victims may be subjected to force.
Because of limited participation and varying collection procedures by local law
enforcement agencies, only limited data are available for arson. Arson statistics are
included in trend, clearance, and arrest tables throughout Crime in the United States,
but they are not included in any estimated volume data. The arson section in this report
provides more information on that offense.
Data collection


The data presented in Crime in the United States reflect the Hierarchy Rule, which
requires that only the most serious offense in a multiple-offense criminal incident be
counted. In descending order of severity, the violent crimes are murder and
nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, followed by
the property crimes of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Although arson is
also a property crime, the Hierarchy Rule does not apply to the offense of arson. In cases
in which an arson occurs in conjunction with another violent or property crime, both
crimes are reported.
Overview



In 2012, there were an estimated 8,975,438 property crime offenses in the nation.
The 2-year trend showed that property crime declined 0.9 percent in 2012 when
compared to the 2011 estimate. The 10-year trend showed that property crime
offenses declined 14.1 percent in 2012 when compared to the 2003 estimate.
In 2012, the rate of property crime was estimated at 2,859.2 per 100,000
inhabitants, a 1.6 percent decrease when compared to the 2011 estimated rate.
Crime in the United States, 2012


U.S. Department of Justice—Federal Bureau of Investigation
Released Fall 2013


The 2012 property crime rate was 11.1 percent less than the 2008 estimate and
20.4 percent less than the 2003 estimate. (See Tables 1 and 1A.)
• Of all property crimes in 2012, larceny-theft accounted for 68.5 percent. Burglary
accounted for 23.4 percent and motor vehicle theft for 8.0 percent. (Based on
Table 1.)
• Property crimes in 2012 resulted in losses estimated at $15.5 billion. (Based on
Tables 1 and 23.)
What you won’t find on this page

Clearance and arrest data for property crimes.

Crime in the United States, 2012



U.S. Department of Justice—Federal Bureau of Investigation
Released Fall 2013
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